Forgotten Origins

Steve Franklin's Web Site


Ancient History:

Typhon: A Chronology of the Holocene Period
(continuously updated)

Part I: Alignment of Hebrew, Egyptian, and Assyrian King-lists
Introduction  The Patriarchs and the Pharaohs Chapter One  Solomon and Shoshenq
Chapter Two  Joseph and Thutmosis IV Chapter Three  Children of Merneptah―Moses, Miriam, and Seti II
Chapter Four  Judges of the Pharaoh Chapter Five  Abraham and the Kingdom of Ugarit
Chapter Six  Ham, Shem, and the First Dynasty of Babylon Chapter Seven  Jewish Kingdoms―Israel and the House of David
Chapter Eight  Adam and Atlas―Eden and the Fall of Atlantis

Chapter Nine  Seth and Typhon―Identifying the Agent of Destruction

Chapter Ten  Noah and Menes―The Ark at Thebes Chapter Eleven  Sargon, Naram-Sin, and the Egyptian Seventh Dynasty
Chapter Twelve  Tangled Bloodlines Chapter Thirteen  The Hyksos and the Hebrews
Chapter Fourteen  The Phaistos Disc and the Early Kings of Crete  
Part II: After the Sack of Rome
Chapter Fifteen  AD 429―The Rise of the Pendragons Chapter Sixteen  Twilight—AD 536
Chapter Seventeen  AD 854—Pope Joan Chapter Eighteen  1066—The  Norman Conquest and the Orbit of Halley's Comet
Chapter Nineteen  1487—Leonardo in the East  
Part III: The Golden Age
Chapter Twenty  Afterglow—Orion in Egypt Chapter Twenty-One  Gemini in Bosnia
Appendix A  Alignment of the Sothis of Pseudo-Manetho with Josephus and Manetho Appendix B  Alignment of Diodorus with Eratosthenes, Herodotus, and Manetho
Appendix C  Origins of the Tarot Deck (downloadable pdf files) Appendix D  The Indus Valley Kings, from Surya until Takshac
Appendix E  Comparison of Two Phoenician Character Sets  


Recent Changes:

+ October 7, 2013: I have added a comparison of the reign lengths given by Berossos for the Interdiluvian kings and those given in the Sumerian King-List.

+ October 18, 2013: A small table suggesting the reason for Manetho's misalignment of the kings of the 18th Dynasty has been added to the end of Chapter Two.

+ November 11, 2013: I believe I have solved the problem of the disparity between the traditional dating of the Bharata War (ca 3100) and the historical (retrocalculated) dating (between 1450 and 950 BC) discussed in Chapter Eleven. The problem appears to have arisen from the confusion of Sargon with Takshac, both foreign invaders, the former near 2317 BC and the latter near 563 BC, thus distorting the chronology by approximately 1750 years. I have also been adjusting the early reaches of the major table in Chapter Eight. There appears to be a link between the cometary event of 6267, the 8.2 Kiloyear Event, the beginning of the Age of Gemini, the building of the triangularly arranged pyramids in Bosnia, and the beginning of the Aditi Era in India; the stars Castor and Pollux (α & β Geminorum), as I have just learned, having been associated with Aditi, mother of the Adityas, according to Allen (1963). Beyond this, the fact that there still exist myths and legends concerning the beginning of the Age of Gemini suggests the fascinating possibility that we may find actual references to the building of these gargantuan structures in the writings of the Romans and Classical Greeks. One wonders why Semir Osmanagich attempts to date the Visoko pyramids before the last glacial period. Is 8000 years ago not far enough beyond the accepted paradigm? No, these are not from the "Time Before." These are from the Golden Age, about which more later.

+ November 15, 2013: It is beginning to look like Ramachandra in the list of Solar Kings marks the beginning of Late Harappa Culture in the Indus Valley and that the discontinuity resulted not from an "Aryan invasion" but from the approach of Typhon circa 1877 BC, though, as always, there were forces waiting in the wings for just such an event. In the final analysis, it looks like the story of the Bharata War has been confused with and merged with later events and that both the traditionalists and S. R. Rao, who places the submergence of Dwaraka between 1900 and 1700 BC, are partially correct.

+ November 26, 2013: I see that the recent radiocarbon dating of the earliest level of the Maya Devi Temple at Lumbini places the earliest Buddhist temple circa 550 BC, in line with its association with the cometary event of 563. That being said, assuming a number of years for the development of this phase of the religion, it looks like the dates for the Jain Mahavira, 599–527, are closer to the archaeological facts than those for the Buddhist Siddhartha.

+ December 9, 2013: I have been incorporating some of the data from S. R. Rao's Dawn and Devolution of the Indus Civilization into Chapter Eight as well as the sections on India in Chapter Eleven. The relationships between the Aryans and Dravidians on the one hand, and the inhabitants of the Indus Valley and those of Ayodhya on the other, remain unclear. I apologize for any confusion this may cause as I sort out the various relationships, both geographical and chronological.

+ December 29, 2013: It is beginning to look like Rao's association of the Indus cursive script with the Phoenician alphabet is at least partially correct, though it is not obvious yet whether the Harappans took over the Phoenician system in toto or whether they used the same method to construct their own system. It is almost certain, though, that Rao is wrong about the alphabet migrating from the Indus Valley to Canaan and not in the opposite direction, Rao never having known about the zodiacal origin of the alphabet.

+ January 26, 2014: I continue to chip away at the problem of the Indus Valley Civilization. If the Indica of Megasthenes is to be taken seriously, the number of kings missing from the Solar List between Prisenjita and Takshac is approximately 39 and the average reign for this period is just under 18 years. I am also beginning to suspect that the Battle of Kurukshetra represents the invasion of India by Dionysus, who may appear in the Mahabharata as Yudhisthira, in the interval between his elevation to the throne of Nysa in 3011 and his death in 2950. I have previously placed the battle at 2986. It still remains unclear whether these events represent the spread of a local myth, radiating perhaps from Egypt and Crete, or whether India and North Africa were in reality part of a single empire ruled by the Nysean Zeus.

+ January 31, 2014: It occurred to me that the missing kings from the Indian Solar king-list were actually the purported son of Icshwaca and his descendants from Némi to Kritaja. Only when I placed them in this position did it become obvious that Arishta Némi (or Black Nemi) was Neminath, the 22nd Jain tirthankara, and Némi was his predecessor Naminath or Nami Nath, the 21st tirthankara. This would make the Indian only the 3rd complete king-list from the ancient world beginning in the time of Menes, along with the Egyptian and Mesopotamian lists, and strongly suggests that these kings were the rulers of the Harappan or Indus Valley civilization. The complete list from Menes until Takshac may be found in Appendix D. I am also beginning to suspect that Adinatha, the first tirthankara of the Jains, and Adi-Buddha, the Primordial Buddha of Esoteric Buddhism, are both the Addi of the list in Luke, the Atlas of the Greeks, the Adamu of the Assyrians, and, of course, the Adam of the Hebrew bible.

+ February 21, 2014: I notice that Neferhotep I of the 13th Dynasty has been identified with the Egyptian king to whom Yantin Hammu of Byblos gave homage shortly after the death of Shamshi-Adad I of Assyria. This places the rule of Neferhotep around 1730 BC, in line with William Albright, and suggests a longer rather than a shorter 2nd Intermediate Period, in line with the current reconstruction. I have also transferred the nine kings from Eratosthenes beginning with Myrtæus Ammonodotus and ending with Penteathyris from the 11th to the 10th Egyptian Dynasty, suggesting the identity of the fragmentary Mer[...] from the Turin Royal Canon with Myrtæus, the fragmentary Shed[...] with Shitikabere of the Phaistos Disc, and Djedkare Shema of the Abydos List and Phaistos Disc (Shime) with the Semphrucrates of Eratosthenes. This places a second Egyptian on the throne of Crete after the death of Sargon and raises the possibility that Crete was ruled by the Egyptians during the entire 10th Dynasty.  It is not clear exactly how Eratosthenes translated (transferred is perhaps a better word) the names of the Egyptian kings into Greek, though it looks like, at least in the case of the 10th Dynasty, he took the nomen of the Egyptian king and found a similar sounding though not necessarily related Greek word and followed it with a descriptor, such as "Tyrant."

+ March 11, 2014: I have made a slight modification to Chapter Eight. It turns out that there is indeed archaeological evidence of habitation at Athens as early as 5000 BC, long before Solon's date for its founding, circa 3565 BC (9000/3+565). This would place the founding of Athens near the date given in the Relaciones of Ixtlilxóchitl for the creation of the world by Tloque Nahuaque (4911 BC).

+ March 18, 2014: I have made some minor modifications to the final sections of Chapter Twelve. It appears that the story of Mary, the daughter of Eleazar mentioned by Josephus, who made a burnt offering of her son, was the daughter of that same Eliezer who was the father of Jose and the grandfather of Er in the genealogy from Luke. This reinforces my suspicion that at least some of the elements of the story of Jesus are even older than the story of Zeus, the purported father of King Minos.


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My uncle Harry A Franklin's wedding picnic, Fairmount Park, 1917 Grave of Yeshayah ben Avraham Halevi Hurwitz, ancestor of Shmuel Halevi Hurwitz of Vievis
Samuel, Rebecca, Nathan, and my father Harry Franklin, Philadelphia, late 1920s Lilly Davidow's farm in Vineland, New Jersey
My father Harry Franklin and Bella Weiss, sometime after 1917 Tombstone of my great-grandmother Fannie Frankel (Feige Frenkel), 1926?
Rose Franklin and some of the orphan children at the Daughters of Hannah Orphanage and Day Nursery in Baltimore, 1928―please scroll down slightly Photos of various members of the Bloom family and other Geffen descendants at Marjorie Goldberg's site―this is a slow loader with a 56K modem
More photos of the Daughters of Hannah "The Farm," Yaazor, Johnnycake Road, Baltimore County, 1920s
Photographs taken by my uncle Harry A Franklin at Guantanamo Bay and Caimanera in Cuba before the U.S. entered World War I. These photographs are being featured in the traveling exhibit of the Guantanamo Public Memory Project organized by Columbia University My uncle Harry A Franklin, "Swimming Hole" (Rodbell's term), Patapsco River, Yaazor, Baltimore County, 1920s. This photograph taken by my uncle, as well as the previous one, appeared in an article on Yaazor in the Baltimore Jewish Times of June 29, 2007
More photographs by Harry A Franklin in Maryland and elsewhere  


Outside Links: 

NOTICE: This list of sites is based on my own personal interest in Asian arts and crafts and was added as an indication of what is available online and locally in the Baltimore-Washington area. In short, it was created for informational purposes only. It is not part of any "program" and I must say, the idea that the Google Corporation thinks that they can police what sites can link to other sites, to the extent that I have received an email from one of these companies asking me to remove a link because Google thinks that it is an "unnatural link," is positively scary. One begins to wonder if Google thinks that they can use their preeminence in the search arena to bludgeon website owners into using their advertising programs to the exclusion of everyone else. The aforementioned email has been forwarded to the Federal Trade Commission, so that they are aware of the perception that Google's policies have created. And just in case it is not obvious to any living breathing human being—to the exclusion of any program or "algorithm"—I do not make any money off of this site, I do not ask for donations, I do not ask that my readers register with their email addresses, and I do not even set cookies on readers' computers. When Google can say they do not do any of these things, they can begin to complain about my website. In the meantime, they should follow their own motto and "Don't be evil."

Modern, Minimalist, and Asian Design Sites

William McDonough + Partners―The Thomas Jefferson of sustainable design―"Softypapa's" Shinto oriented Japanese craft site―includes an excellent selection of small Japanese tea cups
Moco Loco―A sharp eye on modern and contemporary design J-Life International—Japanese bedding including buckwheat pillows and much more
Apartment Therapy―Focused on apartment decor and renovation but applicable to any domestic design challenge JPstatus—American made Japanese style shikibuton foldable cotton mattresses.
Cherry Tree Design―American made Japanese style shoji screens and doors. Sadly, Cherry Tree appears to have stopped manufacturing lamps  
Tatami Room―a wide variety of Japanese decor items, including tatami mats and numerous shoji screens Local Baltimore-Washington Resources:
Haiku Designs―Chinese made Japanese style furniture and lighting  
Oriental Furniture―a good selection of Japanese, Korean, and Chinese furniture―unfortunately, light on wood identification Carling Nichols—18th & 19th century Chinese antiques at 1655 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Wash., DC―an unusual selection of eco-friendly imported Asian furniture Ginza―modern Japanese items at 1721 Connecticut Ave., NW, Wash., DC
Neko-Chan Trading Co.―hand-carved wooden and bronze statues, incense and burners, and Japanese stoneware East and Beyond―Japanese, Chinese, and Korean antiques at 6727 Curran St., McLean, Virginia
Greentea Design―Japanese and other Asian modern and antique furniture Joan Eve Classics & Collectibles—A small general interest shop at 8018 Main Street, Ellicott City, with a number of Japanese and Chinese items
Shoji Décor―paper lanterns in a wide variety of shapes and colors plus illustrated shoji blinds Rosewood City—Chinese rosewood furniture in Elkridge, MD
Now and Zen―home of the hardwood Zen Alarm Clock  
Stone Forest—Japanese and modern garden features and much more  



Site Links:

Alternative news on the internet [under construction] Alien Room Escape walkthrough
My current configuration Common Spelling and Grammatical Errors on the Internet
A comment about "Applemilk1988" and the Emily-bashing going on at YouTube and elsewhere The Hill "Star Map" of New Hampshire and Vermont, along with a comparison of the map with a contemporary map of the area. Note: The sequence of routes 4, 14, 2, and 7 is now paralleled by Interstate 89


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the Territorial Annex
of the Tholian Assembly


You'll see him in your nightmares;
you'll see him in your dreams.
He'll appear out of nowhere
but he ain't what he seems.
You'll see him in your head,
on the TV screen.
Hey buddy, I'm telling
you to turn it off.
Well he's a ghost, he's a god,
he's a man, he's a gu-ru.
You're one microscopic cog
in his catastrophic plan.
Designed and directed by
his red right hand.
—Nick Cave