Forgotten Origins

Steve Franklin's Web Site


Ancient History:

Typhon: A Chronology of the Holocene Period
(continuously updated)

Introduction  The Patriarchs and the Pharaohs
Part I: Alignment of Hebrew, Egyptian, and Assyrian King-lists
Chapter One  Solomon and Shoshenq Chapter Two  Joseph and Thutmosis IV
Chapter Three  Children of Merneptah―Moses, Miriam, and Seti II Chapter Four  Judges of the Pharaoh
Chapter Five  Abraham and the Kingdom of Ugarit Chapter Six  Ham, Shem, and the First Dynasty of Babylon
Chapter Seven  Jewish Kingdoms―Israel and the House of David Chapter Eight  Adam and Atlas―Eden and the Fall of Atlantis
Chapter Nine  Seth and Typhon―Identifying the Agent of Destruction

Chapter Ten  Noah and Menes―The Ark at Thebes

Chapter Eleven  Sargon, Naram-Sin, and the Egyptian Seventh Dynasty Chapter Twelve  Tangled Bloodlines
Chapter Thirteen  The Hyksos and the Hebrews Chapter Fourteen  The Phaistos Disc and the Early Kings of Crete
Part II: After the Sack of Rome
Chapter Fifteen  AD 429―The Rise of the Pendragons Chapter Sixteen  Twilight—AD 536
Chapter Seventeen  AD 854—Pope Joan Chapter Eighteen  1066—The  Norman Conquest and the Orbit of Halley's Comet
Chapter Nineteen  1487—Leonardo in the East Chapter Twenty  1593—"Shakespeare" and Marlowe (Future)
Part III: The Golden Age
Chapter Twenty-One  4375 BC—Orion in India Chapter Twenty-Two  6369 BC—Gemini in Bosnia
Chapter Twenty-Three  7450 BC—The Rise of the Shemsu-Hor (In Process)  
Appendix A  Alignment of the Sothis of Pseudo-Manetho with Josephus and Manetho Appendix B  Alignment of Diodorus with Eratosthenes, Herodotus, and Manetho
Appendix C  Origins of the Tarot Deck (downloadable pdf files) Appendix D  The Indus Valley Kings, from Surya until Takshac


Recent Changes:

+ February 21, 2014: I notice that Neferhotep I of the 13th Dynasty has been identified with the Egyptian king to whom Yantin Hammu of Byblos gave homage shortly after the death of Shamshi-Adad I of Assyria. This places the rule of Neferhotep around 1730 BC, in line with William Albright, and suggests a longer rather than a shorter 2nd Intermediate Period, in line with the current reconstruction. I have also transferred the nine kings from Eratosthenes beginning with Myrtæus Ammonodotus and ending with Penteathyris from the 11th to the 10th Egyptian Dynasty, suggesting the identity of the fragmentary Mer[...] from the Turin Royal Canon with Myrtæus, the fragmentary Shed[...] with Shitikabere of the Phaistos Disc, and Djedkare Shema of the Abydos List and Phaistos Disc (Shime) with the Semphrucrates of Eratosthenes. This places a second Egyptian on the throne of Crete after the death of Sargon and raises the possibility that Crete was ruled by the Egyptians during the entire 10th Dynasty.  It is not clear exactly how Eratosthenes translated (transferred is perhaps a better word) the names of the Egyptian kings into Greek, though it looks like, at least in the case of the 10th Dynasty, he took the nomen of the Egyptian king and found a similar sounding though not necessarily related Greek word and followed it with a descriptor, such as "Tyrant."

+ March 11, 2014: I have made a slight modification to Chapter Eight. It turns out that there is indeed archaeological evidence of habitation at Athens as early as 5000 BC, long before Solon's date for its founding, circa 3565 BC (9000/3+565). This would place the founding of Athens near the date given in the Relaciones of Ixtlilxóchitl for the creation of the world by Tloque Nahuaque (4911 BC).

+ March 18, 2014: I have made some minor modifications to the final sections of Chapter Twelve. It appears that the story of Mary, the daughter of Eleazar mentioned by Josephus, who made a burnt offering of her son, was the daughter of that same Eliezer who was the father of Jose and the grandfather of Er in the genealogy from Luke. This reinforces my suspicion that at least some of the elements of the story of Jesus are even older than the story of Zeus, the purported father of King Minos.

+ April 28, 2014: I have made some minor modifications to the entries for the 10th Dynasty of Eratosthenes in the table of Egyptian kings in the section "Decoding Manetho" in Chapter Eleven. Based on the Turin Papyrus and on Eratosthenes, it looks like there were in fact 9 kings in the 10th Dynasty. The further seven kings from the Abydos List and the final 10 from Manetho remain unidentified. UPDATE, June 15: It appears that the final 3 kings from the Abydos List are actually Intef I, II, and III of the 11th Dynasty, bringing the remaining 13 kings from the 10th Dynasty in line with the Turin Papyrus and suggesting that Eratosthenes is missing the final 4 kings from the 10th Dynasty.

+ May 3, 2014: I have made some minor modifications to the entry for 4375 BC in the master chronological table in Chapter Eight based on The Orion of B. G. Tilak, who appears to have been the only one who ever managed to draw reasonable conclusions from the nakshatra data in the Rigveda and the Brahmanas. Godfrey Higgins thought that 4400 marked the beginning of the Age of Taurus, whereas Tilak calls the succeeding age the "Orion period," marked by the nakshatras Mrigaçiras and Ardra, the stars λ,φ1,φ2 Orionis and α Orionis respectively. This is also the "Year Zero" of Hamlet's Mill, when the ancients believed the precession of the equinoxes had begun, when Amlodhi's Quern began to grind out salt. Tilak's position is that the earliest manifestation of the nakshatra system referred to the actual zodiacal stars and not to a synthetic system of 27 or 28 evenly spaced asterisms. I have also added the names of the Indian asterisms in the blue and gray table in Chapter Nine in order to clarify the argument in the upcoming Chapter 21.

+ July 13, 2014: Work on Chapter Twenty-One is progressing at a snail's pace. I finally managed to extract a usable table of Indian asterisms and approximate dates when they marked the vernal equinox using the tables in Burgess (1978) and the illustration published by de Santillana in the 1st edition of Hamlet's Mill. One interesting possibility has presented itself. If Bal Tilak is to be taken seriously, he may have discovered the reason why the Harappan civilization is not mentioned in the Rig Veda. According to Tilak, the Rig Veda describes events that occurred when the vernal sun was in Orion, before 4000 BC, a good thousand years before the Harappans even appeared on the stage of history. This would also tend to explain how the Harappans could speak Old Indo-Aryan as suggested by S. R. Rao, since they very well may have been the descendants of those very same Aryan invaders mentioned in the Indian religious text.

+ October 15, 2014: It occurs to me that if Marlowe did indeed write the plays performed under the nom de plume of "William Shakespeare," and if he was in fact the genius or avatar of the age associated specifically with the comet of 1593, then his purported flight that same year to northern Italy, the land that gave us Leonardo, Sister Manfreda, and Pope Joan, would suggest the appearance there of a similar avataric character, perhaps even Marlowe himself under another name. So far, unfortunately, no candidate for Marlowe's alter ego has presented himself.

Also, a correspondent has suggested to me that Khaemter, viceroy of Cush and later vizier under Amenmesse, whom I have tentatively identified with Aaron, was Moses, whose exploits in Cush have been discussed in Chapter Three. That Moses would have served in a similar position under Amenmesse to that in which he served under Tausret/Miriam is certainly a reasonable hypothesis. Unfortunately, the details of Moses in Cush are just murky enough that I find it impossible to come to a solid conclusion in the matter.

+ November 27, 2014: I have added a short section toward the end of Chapter Eight identifying the Shemsu-Hor from the Turin Papyrus with the rulers of the fertile Sahara beginning with the Erdalen Event ca 7450 BC. It appears that Manetho had access to records that went all the way back to the founding of the kingdom of Atlantis, ruled from the Hoggar in what is now the Sahara Desert.

+ December 8, 2014: I have made a very minor realignment of the upper reaches of the chronological table in Chapter Eight based on the (previously unknown to me) tree-ring radiocarbon event at 7553 BC. My original date for this approach of Typhon was 7549 based on simple interpolation between the Aztec 4th Age at 7203 BC and the Aztec 3rd Age at 11213 BC. One begins to wonder if the dates for the Aztec 1st and 2nd Ages at 21223 and 16017 BC respectively are also accurate.

+ December 19, 2014: It turns out that the figure given in the Turin Papyrus for the number of years from the beginning of the rule of the Shemsu-Hor until Menes is missing a few unreadable digits. If we take this figure to be 13500 and not 13420, we arrive at the date of 7450 BC for the beginning of their rule, identical to our reconstructed value of 7450 for the approach of Typhon and very close to the date for the Erdalen Event which precipitated the period of the fertile Sahara. What is positively astonishing is that this figure of 13500 for the rise of the Shemsu-Hor gives us a date of 15183 (23200/3+7450) for the beginning of the rule of the line of kings (or queens) who preceded the Shemsu-Hor. If we calculate forward from the beginning of the Aztec (really Olmec) 2nd Age (16017) using one unit of 590 years and two of 122 years, we arrive, again, at 15183 BC. The implication is that both the Egyptians during the reign of Ramses II (1286–1219 BC) and the Olmecs (before 1359 BC) had records that went back not only to the founding of Atlantis in North Africa but to the founding of whatever kingdom preceded them and from which their founders migrated after 7450. Who these folks were and where they lived during the last glacial period is not immediately obvious. A further implication is that the even earlier age mentioned in the Turin Papyrus, whose length has not survived in the extant papyrus, represents a substantial part of the Aztec 1st Age which began in 21223 BC.

+ December 23, 2014: I have posted Chapter Twenty-One: 4375 BC—Orion in India. This may be expected to evolve and expand over time, though there is a limited amount of data from this time period and even the placing of some of these events at this era remains outside the realm of strict orthodoxy.

I continue to work on Chapter Twenty. If certain observers are correct and Marlowe's supposed death was meant to mimic that of Hiram Abiff, it would suggest that the year of Marlowe's encounter at Deptford was not simply fortuitous but was planned long in advance by the Freemasons to coincide with the return of Typhon. Which is not to say that the Star Chamber had anything to do with it, though one has to wonder who was ultimately responsible for bringing matters to a head in the year 1593. There are, in my estimation, too many coincidences operating here to be taken at face value.

+ March 20, 2015: Chapter Twenty-Two has been posted. Like the previous chapter, this may be expected to evolve over time.

I have made minor modifications to the various Indian timelines based on the work of Subhash Kak, a professor of computer science at the University of Oklahoma and a student of Indian chronology and the Vedas. Kak is one of the sources, along with Bal Tilak, for the work of B. G. Sidharth. I must admit that before reading Professor Kak, I was not aware of the degree to which the Aryan Invasion Theory has been undermined in recent years. The West appears to still have a vested interest in convincing the Indians that they made no meaningful contribution to the development of civilization.

I continue to work on the Shakespeare Authorship Problem in Chapter 20. What seems clear, after reading Richard Roe's The Shakespeare Guide to Italy, is that whoever wrote the plays not only visited Italy but spent significant time there traveling about gathering facts and impressions of the country. Unless someone can show that Williamum Shakspere, the investor in the Globe Theater and part-time actor, spent any amount of time outside of England, I have to assume at this point that he did not write the plays, and the field is open for other candidates, including my own current favorite, Christopher Marlowe.


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My uncle Harry A Franklin's wedding picnic, Fairmount Park, 1917 Grave of Yeshayah ben Avraham Halevi Hurwitz, ancestor of Shmuel Halevi Hurwitz of Vievis
Samuel, Rebecca, Nathan, and my father Harry Franklin, Philadelphia, late 1920s Lilly Davidow's farm in Vineland, New Jersey
My father Harry Franklin and Bella Weiss, sometime after 1917 Tombstone of my great-grandmother Fannie Frankel (Feige Frenkel), 1926?
Rose Franklin and some of the orphan children at the Daughters of Hannah Orphanage and Day Nursery in Baltimore, 1928―please scroll down slightly Photos of various members of the Bloom family and other Geffen descendants at Marjorie Goldberg's site―this is a slow loader with a 56K modem
More photos of the Daughters of Hannah "The Farm," Yaazor, Johnnycake Road, Baltimore County, 1920s
Photographs taken by my uncle Harry A Franklin at Guantanamo Bay and Caimanera in Cuba before the U.S. entered World War I. These photographs are being featured in the traveling exhibit of the Guantanamo Public Memory Project organized by Columbia University My uncle Harry A Franklin, "Swimming Hole" (Rodbell's term), Patapsco River, Yaazor, Baltimore County, 1920s. This photograph taken by my uncle, as well as the previous one, appeared in an article on Yaazor in the Baltimore Jewish Times of June 29, 2007
More photographs by Harry A Franklin in Maryland and elsewhere  


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Modern, Minimalist, and Asian Design Sites

William McDonough + Partners―The Thomas Jefferson of sustainable design―"Softypapa's" Shinto oriented Japanese craft site―includes an excellent selection of small Japanese tea cups
Moco Loco―A sharp eye on modern and contemporary design J-Life International—Japanese bedding including buckwheat pillows and much more
Apartment Therapy―Focused on apartment decor and renovation but applicable to any domestic design challenge JPstatus—American made Japanese style shikibuton foldable cotton mattresses.
Cherry Tree Design―American made Japanese style shoji screens and doors. Sadly, Cherry Tree appears to have stopped manufacturing lamps  
Tatami Room―a wide variety of Japanese decor items, including tatami mats and numerous shoji screens Local Baltimore-Washington Resources:
Haiku Designs―Chinese made Japanese style furniture and lighting  
Oriental Furniture―a good selection of Japanese, Korean, and Chinese furniture―unfortunately, light on wood identification Carling Nichols—18th & 19th century Chinese antiques at 1655 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Wash., DC―an unusual selection of eco-friendly imported Asian furniture Ginza―modern Japanese items at 1721 Connecticut Ave., NW, Wash., DC
Neko-Chan Trading Co.―hand-carved wooden and bronze statues, incense and burners, and Japanese stoneware East and Beyond―Japanese, Chinese, and Korean antiques at 6727 Curran St., McLean, Virginia
Greentea Design―Japanese and other Asian modern and antique furniture Joan Eve Classics & Collectibles—A small general interest shop at 8018 Main Street, Ellicott City, with a number of Japanese and Chinese items
Shoji Décor―paper lanterns in a wide variety of shapes and colors plus illustrated shoji blinds Rosewood City—Chinese rosewood furniture in Elkridge, MD
Now and Zen―home of the hardwood Zen Alarm Clock Pearl Gallery—Chinese antiques on The Avenue in Hampden at 826 West 36th St., Baltimore
Stone Forest—Japanese and modern garden features and much more  



Site Links:

Alternative news on the internet [under construction] Alien Room Escape walkthrough
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A comment about "Applemilk1988" and the Emily-bashing going on at YouTube and elsewhere The Hill "Star Map" of New Hampshire and Vermont, along with a comparison of the map with a contemporary map of the area. Note: The sequence of routes 4, 14, 2, and 7 is now paralleled by Interstate 89


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