Steve Franklin's Web Site
A Chronology of the Holocene Period
|Introduction The Patriarchs and the Pharaohs|
|Part I: Alignment of Hebrew, Egyptian, and Assyrian King-lists|
|Chapter One Solomon and Shoshenq||Chapter Two Joseph and Thutmosis IV|
|Chapter Three Children of Merneptah―Moses, Miriam, and Seti II||Chapter Four Judges of the Pharaoh|
|Chapter Five Abraham and the Kingdom of Ugarit||Chapter Six Ham, Shem, and the First Dynasty of Babylon|
|Chapter Seven Jewish Kingdoms―Israel and the House of David||Chapter Eight Adam and Atlas―Eden and the Fall of Atlantis|
|Chapter Nine Seth and Typhon―The Catastrophic Cosmos||
Chapter Ten Noah and Menes―The Ark at Thebes
|Chapter Eleven Sargon, Naram-Sin, and the Egyptian Seventh Dynasty||Chapter Twelve Tangled Bloodlines|
|Chapter Thirteen The Hyksos and the Hebrews||Chapter Fourteen The Phaistos Disc and the Early Kings of Crete|
|Part II: After the Sack of Rome|
|Chapter Fifteen AD 429―The Rise of the Pendragons||Chapter Sixteen Twilight—AD 536|
|Chapter Seventeen AD 854—Pope Joan||Chapter Eighteen 1066—The Norman Conquest and the Orbit of Halley's Comet|
|Chapter Nineteen 1487—Leonardo in the East||Chapter Twenty 1593—Of Playwrights and Freemasons (in process)|
|Part III: The Golden Age|
|Chapter Twenty-One 4375 BC—Orion in India||Chapter Twenty-Two 6369 BC—Gemini in Bosnia|
|Chapter Twenty-Three 7450 BC—The Rise of the Shemsu-Hor (future)|
|Appendix A Alignment of the Sothis of Pseudo-Manetho with Josephus and Manetho||Appendix B Alignment of Diodorus with Eratosthenes, Herodotus, and Manetho|
|Appendix C Origins of the Tarot Deck (downloadable pdf files)||Appendix D The Indus Valley Kings, from Surya until Takshac|
+ March 18, 2014: I have made some minor modifications to the final sections of Chapter Twelve. It appears that the story of Mary, the daughter of Eleazar mentioned by Josephus, who made a burnt offering of her son, was the daughter of that same Eliezer who was the father of Jose and the grandfather of Er in the genealogy from Luke. This reinforces my suspicion that at least some of the elements of the story of Jesus are even older than the story of Zeus, the purported father of King Minos.
+ April 28, 2014: I have made some minor modifications to the entries for the 10th Dynasty of Eratosthenes in the table of Egyptian kings in the section "Decoding Manetho" in Chapter Eleven. Based on the Turin Papyrus and on Eratosthenes, it looks like there were in fact 9 kings in the 10th Dynasty. The further seven kings from the Abydos List and the final 10 from Manetho remain unidentified.
UPDATE, June 15: It appears that the final 3 kings from the Abydos List are actually Intef I, II, and III of the 11th Dynasty, bringing the remaining 13 kings from the 10th Dynasty in line with the Turin Papyrus and suggesting that Eratosthenes is missing the final 4 kings from the 10th Dynasty.
+ May 3, 2014: I have made some minor modifications to the entry for 4375 BC in the master chronological table in Chapter Eight based on The Orion of B. G. Tilak, who appears to have been the only one who ever managed to draw reasonable conclusions from the nakshatra data in the Rigveda and the Brahmanas. Godfrey Higgins thought that 4400 marked the beginning of the Age of Taurus, whereas Tilak calls the succeeding age the "Orion period," marked by the nakshatras Mrigaçiras and Ardra, the stars λ,φ1,φ2 Orionis and α Orionis respectively. This is also the "Year Zero" of Hamlet's Mill, when the ancients believed the precession of the equinoxes had begun, when Amlodhi's Quern began to grind out salt. Tilak's position is that the earliest manifestation of the nakshatra system referred to the actual zodiacal stars and not to a synthetic system of 27 or 28 evenly spaced asterisms. I have also added the names of the Indian asterisms in the blue and gray table in Chapter Nine in order to clarify the argument in the upcoming Chapter 21.
+ July 13, 2014: Work on Chapter Twenty-One is progressing at a snail's pace. I finally managed to extract a usable table of Indian asterisms and approximate dates when they marked the vernal equinox using the tables in Burgess (1978) and the illustration published by de Santillana in the 1st edition of Hamlet's Mill. One interesting possibility has presented itself. If Bal Tilak is to be taken seriously, he may have discovered the reason why the Harappan civilization is not mentioned in the Rig Veda. According to Tilak, the Rig Veda describes events that occurred when the vernal sun was in Orion, before 4000 BC, a good thousand years before the Harappans even appeared on the stage of history. This would also tend to explain how the Harappans could speak Old Indo-Aryan as suggested by S. R. Rao, since they very well may have been the descendants of those very same Aryan invaders mentioned in the Indian religious text.
+ October 15, 2014: It occurs to me that if Marlowe did indeed write the plays performed under the nom de plume of "William Shakespeare," and if he was in fact the genius or avatar of the age associated specifically with the comet of 1593, then his purported flight that same year to northern Italy, the land that gave us Leonardo, Sister Manfreda, and Pope Joan, would suggest the appearance there of a similar avataric character, perhaps even Marlowe himself under another name. So far, unfortunately, no candidate for Marlowe's alter ego has presented himself.
UPDATE, June 9, 2015: It begins to look like Giordano Bruno is the Italian avatar for the year 1593. Interestingly enough, Bruno had interactions with some of the members of the upper classes in England who appear in discussions of the Shakespeare authorship question. I wouldn't quite characterize this as a "conspiracy," but there does seem to be some underlying organizational integration between events in London and those in Venice and Rome. If one were in a speculative mood, one might even suggest that Bruno was the source of the Italian geographical detail in the plays of "Shakespeare." Bruno was in England from the spring of 1583 until the autumn of 1585. The visit by the Marquis of Montferrat to the Villa Foscari (Belmont) in July of 1574 is referred to tangentially in The Merchant of Venice, so at least that particular play must have been written between then and 1598 when it was first mentioned by Meres.
Also, a correspondent has suggested to me that Khaemter, viceroy of Cush and later vizier under Amenmesse, whom I have tentatively identified with Aaron, was Moses, whose exploits in Cush have been discussed in Chapter Three. That Moses would have served in a similar position under Amenmesse to that in which he served under Tausret/Miriam is certainly a reasonable hypothesis. Unfortunately, the details of Moses in Cush are just murky enough that I find it impossible to come to a solid conclusion in the matter.
+ November 27, 2014: I have added a short section toward the end of Chapter Eight identifying the Shemsu-Hor from the Turin Papyrus with the rulers of the fertile Sahara beginning with the Erdalen Event ca 7450 BC. It appears that Manetho had access to records that went all the way back to the founding of the kingdom of Atlantis, ruled from the Hoggar in what is now the Sahara Desert.
+ December 8, 2014: I have made a very minor realignment of the upper reaches of the chronological table in Chapter Eight based on the (previously unknown to me) tree-ring radiocarbon event at 7553 BC. My original date for this approach of Typhon was 7549 based on simple interpolation between the Aztec 4th Age at 7203 BC and the Aztec 3rd Age at 11213 BC. One begins to wonder if the dates for the Aztec 1st and 2nd Ages at 21223 and 16017 BC respectively are also accurate.
+ December 19, 2014: It turns out that the figure given in the Turin Papyrus for the number of years from the beginning of the rule of the Shemsu-Hor until Menes is missing a few unreadable digits. If we take this figure to be 13500 and not 13420, we arrive at the date of 7450 BC for the beginning of their rule, identical to our reconstructed value of 7450 for the approach of Typhon and very close to the date for the Erdalen Event which precipitated the period of the fertile Sahara. What is positively astonishing is that this figure of 13500 for the rise of the Shemsu-Hor gives us a date of 15183 (23200/3+7450) for the beginning of the rule of the line of kings (or queens) who preceded the Shemsu-Hor. If we calculate forward from the beginning of the Aztec (really Olmec) 2nd Age (16017) using one unit of 590 years and two of 122 years, we arrive, again, at 15183 BC. The implication is that both the Egyptians during the reign of Ramses II (1286–1219 BC) and the Olmecs (before 1359 BC) had records that went back not only to the founding of Atlantis in North Africa but to the founding of whatever kingdom preceded them and from which their founders migrated after 7450. Who these folks were and where they lived during the last glacial period is not immediately obvious. A further implication is that the even earlier age mentioned in the Turin Papyrus, whose length has not survived in the extant papyrus, represents a substantial part of the Aztec 1st Age which began in 21223 BC.
+ December 23, 2014: I have posted Chapter Twenty-One: 4375 BC—Orion in India. This may be expected to evolve and expand over time, though there is a limited amount of data from this time period and even the placing of some of these events at this era remains outside the realm of strict orthodoxy.
I continue to work on Chapter Twenty. If certain observers are correct and Marlowe's supposed death was meant to mimic that of Hiram Abiff, it would suggest that the year of Marlowe's encounter at Deptford was not simply fortuitous but was planned long in advance by the Freemasons to coincide with the return of Typhon. Which is not to say that the Star Chamber had anything to do with it, though one has to wonder who was ultimately responsible for bringing matters to a head in the year 1593. There are, in my estimation, too many coincidences operating here to be taken at face value.
+ March 20, 2015: Chapter Twenty-Two has been posted. Like the previous chapter, this may be expected to evolve over time.
I have made minor modifications to the various Indian timelines based on the work of Subhash Kak, a professor of computer science at the University of Oklahoma and a student of Indian chronology and the Vedas. Kak is one of the sources, along with Bal Tilak, for the work of B. G. Sidharth. I must admit that before reading Professor Kak, I was not aware of the degree to which the Aryan Invasion Theory has been undermined in recent years. The West appears to still have a vested interest in convincing the Indians that they made no meaningful contribution to the development of civilization.
I continue to work on the Shakespeare Authorship Problem in Chapter 20. What seems clear, after reading Richard Roe's The Shakespeare Guide to Italy, is that whoever wrote the plays not only visited Italy but spent significant time there traveling about gathering facts and impressions of the country. Unless someone can show that Williamum Shakspere, the investor in the Globe Theater and part-time actor, spent any amount of time outside of England, I have to assume at this point that he did not write the plays, and the field is open for other candidates, including my own current favorite, Christopher Marlowe.
UPDATE, February 23, 2016: Upon constructing the genealogical table linked below, it is clear that Marlowe, if he had returned to England after the accession of James I in 1603, would have had access to the intimate knowledge of northern Italy possessed by the earl of Oxford, via the Wilton Circle organized by Mary Sidney, so that Marlowe may have spent the interim, not in Italy, but in the much safer environment of Scotland. Macbeth, with a Scottish subject, may have been written in 1606.
+ July 26, 2015: In the process of researching the Shakespeare authorship problem, I have constructed a genealogy of some of the relevant characters. It turns out that many of these folks were either related or worked for someone who was related. Amazingly enough, even Giordano Bruno worked as a spy for Francis Walsingham during his time in England.
+ November 5, 2015: I have begun to incorporate the work of Laurin Johnson (Shining in the Ancient Sea) into chapters nine and fourteen, in regard to the identification of locations in the Odyssey with the lunar asterisms. I have also ordered a copy of Rose Hammond's Islands in the Sky, which promises to extend these identifications. In particular, Johnson sees the two Phalgunîs in the Indian zodiac as the fig tree encountered by Odysseus near the whirlpool. This tends to reinforce my identification of the letter yod, the Greek iota, with the equivalent symbol (ya) on the Phaistos disc. The whirlpool remains to be found.
+ January 17, 2016: I have made a minor modification to the genealogical chart in Chapter Two. It now appears that Nefertiti was the daughter of Ephraim/Ay rather than his half brother Amenhotep III/Manasseh. This means that Tutankhamun represented a merging of the two familial lines, as did Ankhesenpaaten, who eventually married General Seti after the death of Tut, thus founding the 19th dynasty.
Search This Site
|My uncle Harry A Franklin's wedding picnic, Fairmount Park, 1917||Grave of Yeshayah ben Avraham Halevi Hurwitz, ancestor of Shmuel Halevi Hurwitz of Vievis|
|Samuel, Rebecca, Nathan, and my father Harry Franklin, Philadelphia, late 1920s||Lilly Davidow's farm in Vineland, New Jersey|
|My father Harry Franklin and Bella Weiss, sometime after 1917||Tombstone of my great-grandmother Fannie Frankel (Feige Frenkel), 1926?|
|Rose Franklin and some of the orphan children at the Daughters of Hannah Orphanage and Day Nursery in Baltimore, 1928―please scroll down slightly||Photos of various members of the Bloom family and other Geffen descendants at Marjorie Goldberg's site―this is a slow loader with a 56K modem|
|More photos of the Daughters of Hannah||"The Farm," Yaazor, Johnnycake Road, Baltimore County, 1920s|
|Photographs taken by my uncle Harry A Franklin at Guantanamo Bay and Caimanera in Cuba before the U.S. entered World War I. These photographs are being featured in the traveling exhibit of the Guantanamo Public Memory Project organized by Columbia University||My uncle Harry A Franklin, "Swimming Hole" (Rodbell's term), Patapsco River, Yaazor, Baltimore County, 1920s. This photograph taken by my uncle, as well as the previous one, appeared in an article on Yaazor in the Baltimore Jewish Times of June 29, 2007|
|More photographs by Harry A Franklin in Maryland and elsewhere|
Modern, Minimalist, and Asian Design Sites
|William McDonough + Partners―The Thomas Jefferson of sustainable design||Shinto-Religion.com―"Softypapa's" Shinto oriented Japanese craft site―includes an excellent selection of small Japanese tea cups|
|Moco Loco―A sharp eye on modern and contemporary design||J-Life International—Japanese bedding including buckwheat pillows and much more|
|Apartment Therapy―Focused on apartment decor and renovation but applicable to any domestic design challenge||JPstatus—American made Japanese style shikibuton foldable cotton mattresses.|
|Cherry Tree Design―American made Japanese style shoji screens and doors. Sadly, Cherry Tree appears to have stopped manufacturing lamps|
|Tatami Room―a wide variety of Japanese decor items, including tatami mats and numerous shoji screens||Local Baltimore-Washington Resources:|
|Haiku Designs―Chinese made Japanese style furniture and lighting|
|Oriental Furniture―a good selection of Japanese, Korean, and Chinese furniture―unfortunately, light on wood identification||Carling Nichols—18th & 19th century Chinese antiques at 1655 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Wash., DC|
|Tansu.net―an unusual selection of eco-friendly imported Asian furniture||Ginza―modern Japanese items at 1721 Connecticut Ave., NW, Wash., DC|
|Neko-Chan Trading Co.―hand-carved wooden and bronze statues, incense and burners, and Japanese stoneware||East and Beyond―Japanese, Chinese, and Korean antiques at 6727 Curran St., McLean, Virginia|
|Greentea Design―Japanese and other Asian modern and antique furniture||Joan Eve Classics & Collectibles—A small general interest shop at 8018 Main Street, Ellicott City, with a number of Japanese and Chinese items|
|Shoji Décor―paper lanterns in a wide variety of shapes and colors plus illustrated shoji blinds||Rosewood City—Chinese rosewood furniture in Elkridge, MD|
|Now and Zen―home of the hardwood Zen Alarm Clock||Pearl Gallery—Chinese antiques on The Avenue in Hampden at 826 West 36th St., Baltimore|
|Stone Forest—Japanese and modern garden features and much more|
|My current configuration||Common Spelling and Grammatical Errors on the Internet|
|Epimedium resources on the web||The Hill "Star Map" of New Hampshire and Vermont, along with a comparison of the map with a contemporary map of the area. Note: The sequence of routes 4, 14, 2, and 7 is now paralleled by Interstate 89|
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