Steve Franklin's Web Site
A Chronology of the Holocene Period
|Part I: Alignment of Hebrew, Egyptian, and Assyrian King-lists|
|Introduction The Patriarchs and the Pharaohs||Chapter One Solomon and Shoshenq|
|Chapter Two Joseph and Thutmosis IV||Chapter Three Children of Merneptah―Moses, Miriam, and Seti II|
|Chapter Four Judges of the Pharaoh||Chapter Five Abraham and the Kingdom of Ugarit|
|Chapter Six Ham, Shem, and the First Dynasty of Babylon||Chapter Seven Jewish Kingdoms―Israel and the House of David|
|Chapter Eight Adam and Atlas―Eden and the Fall of Atlantis||
Chapter Nine Seth and Typhon―Identifying the Agent of Destruction
|Chapter Ten Noah and Menes―The Ark at Thebes||Chapter Eleven Sargon, Naram-Sin, and the Egyptian Seventh Dynasty|
|Chapter Twelve Tangled Bloodlines||Chapter Thirteen The Hyksos and the Hebrews|
|Chapter Fourteen The Phaistos Disc and the Early Kings of Crete|
|Part II: After the Sack of Rome|
|Chapter Fifteen AD 429―The Rise of the Pendragons||Chapter Sixteen Twilight—AD 536|
|Chapter Seventeen AD 854—Pope Joan||Chapter Eighteen 1066—The Norman Conquest and the Orbit of Halley's Comet|
|Chapter Nineteen 1487—Leonardo in the East|
|Part III: The Golden Age|
|Chapter Twenty Afterglow—Orion in Egypt||Chapter Twenty-One Gemini in Bosnia|
|Appendix A Alignment of the Sothis of Pseudo-Manetho with Josephus and Manetho||Appendix B Alignment of Diodorus with Eratosthenes, Herodotus, and Manetho|
|Appendix C Origins of the Tarot Deck (downloadable pdf files)||Appendix D The Indus Valley Kings, from Surya until Takshac|
|Appendix E Comparison of Two Phoenician Character Sets|
+ August 18, 2013: The Visconti-Sforza family tree in Chapter Nineteen has been slightly enlarged in line with the work of George L. Williams. It appears that the Viscontis claimed descent from Charlemagne, though the skeptipedics call this legendary. Williams takes these claims seriously. (Jamie Allen has added a link to this chapter on his page for Maifreda da Pirovano at his gargantuan Jamie Allen's Family Tree & Ancient Genealogical Allegations genealogical site.)
+ September 5, 2013: I can't seem to leave Sargon alone. Having earlier identified him with Ninus, it occurred to me that it might be possible to flesh out the chronology of his conquests using the Persian History of Ctesias. It turns out that Ctesias, by way of Diodorus of Sicily, tells us that Sargon's campaigns short of India took him 17 years, placing his conquest of the subcontinent sometime between 2317 and 2314, when he conquered that part of China ruled by the Xia kings.
+ October 4, 2013: Whatever the unit used to generate the reign lengths found in the various versions of the predynastic part of the Sumerian king-list, it was obviously not years. No one lives long enough to rule for 43,200 years, despite the followers of Zecharia Sitchin and their nonsensical planet Nibiru, who seem to be suffering from the same cognitive problem as the biblical scholars who seriously believe that Methuselah lived to be 900+ years old. It took a while to figure out what the unit called a saros actually represented in this particular application, but it most likely refers to 3600 of something. The most obvious unit would be the minute, which would suggest that the proper divisor for generating realistic reign lengths is 1440, the number of six-hour-periods or quarter days found in a Sumerian 360-day year. Thus, Enmenlu-Anna would have ruled, not 43200 years, but 30 years. The repetition of some of these reign lengths—25 years twice and 20 three times—and the general presence of what look like rounded off numbers suggest either that these periods are only approximate and that only the last two of them, those of Enmendur-Anna (14 years, 7 months) and Ubar-tutu (12 years, 11 months), are accurate; or that they were using multiples of a standard 5-year term of office. Nevertheless, I have attempted to construct something resembling a defensible timeline for this period in Sumerian history. From this it would appear that these predynastic kings began to rule sometime shortly after the flood of Ogyges.
+ October 7, 2013: I have added a comparison of the reign lengths given by Berossos for the Interdiluvian kings and those given in the Sumerian King-List.
+ October 18, 2013: A small table suggesting the reason for Manetho's misalignment of the kings of the 18th Dynasty has been added to the end of Chapter Two.
+ November 11, 2013: I believe I have solved the problem of the disparity between the traditional dating of the Bharata War (ca 3100) and the historical (retrocalculated) dating (between 1450 and 950 BC) discussed in Chapter Eleven. The problem appears to have arisen from the confusion of Sargon with Takshac, both foreign invaders, the former near 2317 BC and the latter near 563 BC, thus distorting the chronology by approximately 1750 years. I have also been adjusting the early reaches of the major table in Chapter Eight. There appears to be a link between the cometary event of 6267, the 8.2 Kiloyear Event, the beginning of the Age of Gemini, the building of the triangularly arranged pyramids in Bosnia, and the beginning of the Aditi Era in India; the stars Castor and Pollux (α & β Geminorum), as I have just learned, having been associated with Aditi, mother of the Adityas, according to Allen (1963). Beyond this, the fact that there still exist myths and legends concerning the beginning of the Age of Gemini suggests the fascinating possibility that we may find actual references to the building of these gargantuan structures in the writings of the Romans and Classical Greeks. One wonders why Semir Osmanagich attempts to date the Visoko pyramids before the last glacial period. Is 8000 years ago not far enough beyond the accepted paradigm? No, these are not from the "Time Before." These are from the Golden Age, about which more later.
+ November 15, 2013: It is beginning to look like Ramachandra in the list of Solar Kings marks the beginning of Late Harappa Culture in the Indus Valley and that the discontinuity resulted not from an "Aryan invasion" but from the approach of Typhon circa 1877 BC, though, as always, there were forces waiting in the wings for just such an event. In the final analysis, it looks like the story of the Bharata War has been confused with and merged with later events and that both the traditionalists and S. R. Rao, who places the submergence of Dwaraka between 1900 and 1700 BC, are partially correct.
+ November 26, 2013: I see that the recent radiocarbon dating of the earliest level of the Maya Devi Temple at Lumbini places the earliest Buddhist temple circa 550 BC, in line with its association with the cometary event of 563. That being said, assuming a number of years for the development of this phase of the religion, it looks like the dates for the Jain Mahavira, 599–527, are closer to the archaeological facts than those for the Buddhist Siddhartha.
+ December 9, 2013: I have been incorporating some of the data from S. R. Rao's Dawn and Devolution of the Indus Civilization into Chapter Eight as well as the sections on India in Chapter Eleven. The relationships between the Aryans and Dravidians on the one hand, and the inhabitants of the Indus Valley and those of Ayodhya on the other, remain unclear. I apologize for any confusion this may cause as I sort out the various relationships, both geographical and chronological.
+ December 29, 2013: It is beginning to look like Rao's association of the Indus cursive script with the Phoenician alphabet is at least partially correct, though it is not obvious yet whether the Harappans took over the Phoenician system in toto or whether they used the same method to construct their own system. It is almost certain, though, that Rao is wrong about the alphabet migrating from the Indus Valley to Canaan and not in the opposite direction, Rao never having known about the zodiacal origin of the alphabet.
+ January 26, 2014: I continue to chip away at the problem of the Indus Valley Civilization. If the Indica of Megasthenes is to be taken seriously, the number of kings missing from the Solar List between Prisenjita and Takshac is approximately 39 and the average reign for this period is just under 18 years. I am also beginning to suspect that the Battle of Kurukshetra represents the invasion of India by Dionysus, who may appear in the Mahabharata as Yudhisthira, in the interval between his elevation to the throne of Nysa in 3011 and his death in 2950. I have previously placed the battle at 2986. It still remains unclear whether these events represent the spread of a local myth, radiating perhaps from Egypt and Crete, or whether India and North Africa were in reality part of a single empire ruled by the Nysean Zeus.
+ January 31, 2014: It occurred to me that the missing kings from the Indian Solar king-list were actually the purported son of Icshwaca and his descendants from Némi to Kritaja. Only when I placed them in this position did it become obvious that Arishta Némi (or Black Nemi) was Neminath, the 22nd Jain tirthankara, and Némi was his predecessor Naminath or Nami Nath, the 21st tirthankara. This would make the Indian only the 3rd complete king-list from the ancient world beginning in the time of Menes, along with the Egyptian and Mesopotamian lists, and strongly suggests that these kings were the rulers of the Harappan or Indus Valley civilization. The complete list from Menes until Takshac may be found in Appendix D. I am also beginning to suspect that Adinatha, the first tirthankara of the Jains, and Adi-Buddha, the Primordial Buddha of Esoteric Buddhism, are both the Addi of the list in Luke, the Atlas of the Greeks, the Adamu of the Assyrians, and, of course, the Adam of the Hebrew bible.
+ February 21, 2014: I notice that Neferhotep I of the 13th Dynasty has been identified with the Egyptian king to whom Yantin Hammu of Byblos gave homage shortly after the death of Shamshi-Adad I of Assyria. This places the rule of Neferhotep around 1730 BC, in line with William Albright, and suggests a longer rather than a shorter 2nd Intermediate Period, in line with the current reconstruction. I have also transferred the nine kings from Eratosthenes beginning with Myrtæus Ammonodotus and ending with Penteathyris from the 11th to the 10th Egyptian Dynasty, suggesting the identity of the fragmentary Mer[...] from the Turin Royal Canon with Myrtæus, the fragmentary Shed[...] with Shitikabere of the Phaistos Disc, and Djedkare Shema of the Abydos List and Phaistos Disc (Shime) with the Semphrucrates of Eratosthenes. This places a second Egyptian on the throne of Crete after the death of Sargon and raises the possibility that Crete was ruled by the Egyptians during the entire 10th Dynasty. It is not clear exactly how Eratosthenes translated (transferred is perhaps a better word) the names of the Egyptian kings into Greek, though it looks like, at least in the case of the 10th Dynasty, he took the nomen of the Egyptian king and found a similar sounding though not necessarily related Greek word and followed it with a descriptor, such as "Tyrant."
Search This Site
|My uncle Harry A Franklin's wedding picnic, Fairmount Park, 1917||Grave of Yeshayah ben Avraham Halevi Hurwitz, ancestor of Shmuel Halevi Hurwitz of Vievis|
|Samuel, Rebecca, Nathan, and my father Harry Franklin, Philadelphia, late 1920s||Lilly Davidow's farm in Vineland, New Jersey|
|My father Harry Franklin and Bella Weiss, sometime after 1917||Tombstone of my great-grandmother Fannie Frankel (Feige Frenkel), 1926?|
|Rose Franklin and some of the orphan children at the Daughters of Hannah Orphanage and Day Nursery in Baltimore, 1928―please scroll down slightly||Photos of various members of the Bloom family and other Geffen descendants at Marjorie Goldberg's site―this is a slow loader with a 56K modem|
|More photos of the Daughters of Hannah||"The Farm," Yaazor, Johnnycake Road, Baltimore County, 1920s|
|Photographs taken by my uncle Harry A Franklin at Guantanamo Bay and Caimanera in Cuba before the U.S. entered World War I. These photographs are being featured in the traveling exhibit of the Guantanamo Public Memory Project organized by Columbia University||My uncle Harry A Franklin, "Swimming Hole" (Rodbell's term), Patapsco River, Yaazor, Baltimore County, 1920s. This photograph taken by my uncle, as well as the previous one, appeared in an article on Yaazor in the Baltimore Jewish Times of June 29, 2007|
|More photographs by Harry A Franklin in Maryland and elsewhere|
Modern, Minimalist, and Asian Design Sites
|William McDonough + Partners―The Thomas Jefferson of sustainable design||Shinto-Religion.com―"Softypapa's" Shinto oriented Japanese craft site―includes an excellent selection of small Japanese tea cups|
|Moco Loco―A sharp eye on modern and contemporary design||J-Life International—Japanese bedding including buckwheat pillows and much more|
|Apartment Therapy―Focused on apartment decor and renovation but applicable to any domestic design challenge||JPstatus—American made Japanese style shikibuton foldable cotton mattresses.|
|Cherry Tree Design―American made Japanese style shoji screens and doors. Sadly, Cherry Tree appears to have stopped manufacturing lamps|
|Tatami Room―a wide variety of Japanese decor items, including tatami mats and numerous shoji screens||Local Baltimore-Washington Resources:|
|Haiku Designs―Chinese made Japanese style furniture and lighting|
|Oriental Furniture―a good selection of Japanese, Korean, and Chinese furniture―unfortunately, light on wood identification||Carling Nichols—18th & 19th century Chinese antiques at 1655 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Wash., DC|
|Tansu.net―an unusual selection of eco-friendly imported Asian furniture||Ginza―modern Japanese items at 1721 Connecticut Ave., NW, Wash., DC|
|Neko-Chan Trading Co.―hand-carved wooden and bronze statues, incense and burners, and Japanese stoneware||East and Beyond―Japanese, Chinese, and Korean antiques at 6727 Curran St., McLean, Virginia|
|Greentea Design―Japanese and other Asian modern and antique furniture||Joan Eve Classics & Collectibles—A small general interest shop at 8018 Main Street, Ellicott City, with a number of Japanese and Chinese items|
|Shoji Décor―paper lanterns in a wide variety of shapes and colors plus illustrated shoji blinds||Rosewood City—Chinese rosewood furniture in Elkridge, MD|
|Now and Zen―home of the hardwood Zen Alarm Clock|
|Stone Forest—Japanese and modern garden features and much more|
|Alternative news on the internet [under construction]||Alien Room Escape walkthrough|
|My current configuration||Common Spelling and Grammatical Errors on the Internet|
|A comment about "Applemilk1988" and the Emily-bashing going on at YouTube and elsewhere||The Hill "Star Map" of New Hampshire and Vermont, along with a comparison of the map with a contemporary map of the area. Note: The sequence of routes 4, 14, 2, and 7 is now paralleled by Interstate 89|
symbols for words
within [brackets] in email address)
If you are going to send me email from an Earthlink account,
please pre-approve my email address.
I have better things to do than play with their brain-dead spam filter
You'll see him in your nightmares;
you'll see him in your dreams.
He'll appear out of nowhere
but he ain't what he seems.
You'll see him in your head,
on the TV screen.
Hey buddy, I'm telling
you to turn it off.
Well he's a ghost, he's a god,
he's a man, he's a gu-ru.
You're one microscopic cog
in his catastrophic plan.
Designed and directed by
his red right hand.